Doctoral Dissertation - Physical Fitness Assessment

In this video I am discussing the importance of assessing physical fitness levels in children and adolescents, as well as giving more details about the ALPHA-Fit test battery, which appears to be the ideal fitness battery for children.

Video formats: MP4 | Ogg | WebM | Watch on YouTube

 

What is Physical Fitness?

Physical fitness is defined as the ability of an individual to carry out daily tasks with vigour and alertness, without excessive fatigue, and with enough energy remaining to enjoy spending free time, as well as dealing with unusual situations and unforeseen circumstances and emergencies [Council of Europe, 1983].

Physical fitness is a powerful indicator of health, both, in childhood and in adulthood [Ortega et. al., 2008].

 

Health-Related Physical Fitness refers to Four Components [Ruiz et. al., 2010]

  • Cardiorespiratory fitness
  • Musculoskeletal fitness
  • Motor fitness
  • Body composition

Physical Fitness

 

A Low Physical Fitness Level during childhood is associated with: [Miguel-Etayo et. al., 2014]

  • Increased risk of obesity
  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Impaired skeletal health
  • Reduced quality of life
  • Poor mental health

Low Physical Fitness is Associated with

 

Existing Physical Fitness Test Batteries for children and adolescents

Age (years)
Acronym
Organisation
Country / Region

6-18

EUROFIT

Council of Europe Committee for the Development of Sport

Europe

5-18

ALPHA-FIT

The ALPHA Health-Related Fitness Test Battery for Children and Adolescents

Europe

5-17

FITNESSGRAM

The Cooper Institute

USA

6-17

PCHF

President’s Challenge: Health Fitness. The President’s Council on Physical Fitness and Sports/American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation (AAHPER)

USA

6-17

PCPF

President’s Challenge: Physical Fitness. The President’s Council on Physical Fitness and Sports/American
Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation (AAHPER)

USA

6-17

AAUTB

Amateur Athletic Union Test Battery. Chrysler Foundation/Amateur Athletic Union

USA

6-17

YMCAYFT

YMCA Youth Fitness Test

USA

5-17

NYPFP

National Youth Physical Program. The United States Marines Youth Foundation

USA

5-18

HRFT

Health-Related Fitness Test, American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation (AAHPER)

USA

5-18

Physical Best

American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation (AAHPER)

USA

9-19

IPFT

International Physical Fitness Test (United States Sports Academic/General Organization of Youth and Sport of
Bahrain)

USA

7-69

CAHPER-FPT II

Fitness Performance Test II. Canadian Association for Health, Physical Education and Recreation (CAHPER)

Canada

15-69

CPAFLA

The Canadian Physical Activity, Fitness & Lifestyle Approach (Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology)

Canada

9-19+

NFTP-PRC

National Fitness Test Program in the Popular Republic China (China’s National Sport and Physical Education
Committee)

China

6-12

NZFT

New Zealand Fitness Test. Rusell/Department of Education

New Zealand

9-19

AFEA

Australian Fitness Education Award. The Australian Council for Health, Education and Recreation, ACHER

Australia

[Modified from Ruiz, 2010]

 

The ALPHA-FIT Test Battery

Alpha-fit physical fitness test battery for children

Based solely on sound scientific evidence, many longitudinal and transversal studies, the ALPHA-FIT test seems to be the ideal test battery [Cvejic et. al., 2013]. It consists of valid, reliable, manageable and secure field tests which can be used to monitor public health.

This is the extended ALPHA health related fitness test battery [ALPHA, 2009].

ALPHA-FIT physical fitness test battery

Be Active, Do Sports, Feel Great, Repeat!

 

 

Reference

ALPHA. The ALPHA Health-related Fitness Test battery for Children and Adolescents., 2009

Catley, M.J., Tomkinson, G.R. Normative health-related fitness values for children: analysis of 85347 test results on 9-17-year-old Australians since 1985, Br J Sports Med, 2013, 47(2), 98-108

Council of Europe. Testing physical fitness - Eurofit, provisional handbook, 1983, 1-83

Cvejic, D., T. Pejovic, Ostojic, S. Assessment of physical fitness in children and adolescents, Physical Education and Sport, 2013, 11(2), 135-145

Miguel-Etayo, P., L. Gracia-Marco, F. Ortega, T. Intemann, R. Foraita, L. Lissner, L. Oja, G. Barba, N. Michels, M. Tornaritis, D. Molnár, Y. Pitsiladis, W. Ahrens, Moreno., L. Physical fitness reference standards in European children: the IDEFICS study, International Journal of Obesity, 2014, 38, 57-66

Ortega, F.B., Ruiz, J.R., Castillo, M.J., Sjostrom, M. Physical fitness in childhood and adolescence: a powerful marker of health, Int J Obes (Lond), 2008, 32(1), 1-11

Romero, V., E. Artero, D. Jimenez-Pavon, M. Cuenca-Garcia, F. Ortega, J. Castro-Pinero, M. Sjostrom, M. Castillo-Garzon, Ruiz, J. Assessing Health-Related Fitness Tests in the School Setting: Reliability, Feasibility and Safety; The ALPHA Study Int J Sports Med, 2010

Ruiz, J., J. Castro-Pinero, V. Espana-Romero, E. Artero, F. Ortega, M. Cuenca, D. Jimenez-Pavon, P. Chillon, M. Girela-Rejon, J. Mora, A. Gutierrez, J. Suni, M. Sjostrom, Castillo, M. Field-based fitness assessment in young people: the ALPHA health-related fitness test battery for children and adolescents., Br J Sports Med, 2010

Seefeldt, V., Vogel, P. Physical Fitness Testing of Children: A 30-Year History of Misguided Efforts, Pediatric Exercise Science, 1989, (1), 295-302

 

STK SPORT PhD Research